How can we claim that EFT and Tapping is efficient?
EFT is a method based on tapping similar to TFT, Thought Field Therapy, which is an evidence based method, listed in the NREPP rgister by SAMHSA in US.
EFT tapping fulfills APA’s criteria for evidencebased practise as shown i this article at http://psycnet.apa.org/: ”Acupoint stimulation in treating psychological disorders: Evidence of efficacy.” by David Feinstein. The article is peer reviewed and published in Review of General Psychology®, by APA Division 1 (Society for General Psychology).
- “A literature search identified 51 peer-reviewed papers that report or investigate clinical outcomes following the tapping of acupuncture points to address psychological issues. The 18 randomized controlled trials in this sample were critically evaluated for design quality, leading to the conclusion that they consistently demonstrated strong effect sizes and other positive statistical results that far exceed chance after relatively few treatment sessions. Criteria for evidence-based treatments proposed by Division 12 of the American Psychological Association were also applied and found to be met for a number of anxiety-based conditions, including PTSD.” (Feinstein, 2012)
APA also acknowledges Clinical courses by EFT Universe for CE/CME credits More info: click here.
Tapping is starting to get more and more scientific data to support what we practitioners see on a regular basis. Tapping balances activity between the sympathetic and parasympathetic regions of your brain, producing “a neutral emotional state,” the gold standard of health and wellness.
Meta-analyses show EFT tapping to demonstrate large treatment effect for anxiety, depression, and PTSD for the participants.
A number of meta-analyses, combining the results of many RCTs that meet the APA standards, have been published. Meta-analyses are considered to be at the top of the “hierarchy of evidence” because they combine the results of a whole body of scientific literature to measure “treatment effect.” This uses a measure called Cohen’s d (Cohen, 1988) or a slightly different calculation called Hedges’ g. This scale ranges from a small treatment effect, d = 0.2 to a moderate effect, d = 0.5 to a large effect of d = 0.8. Meta-analyses show EFT to have a large treatment effect for anxiety, depression, and PTSD for the participants:
- For anxiety, d = 1.23 (Clond, 2016),
- for depression d = 1.31 (Nelms & Castel, 2016) and
- for PTSD, d = 2.96 (Sebastian & Nelms, 2016).
Dr Dawson Church refers to data for these conditions:
- Pain: Average reduction -68%1
- Depression: Average reduction -74%2
- Anxiety: Average reduction -42%3
- Phobias: Average reduction -68%4
- PTSD: Average reduction -51%5
- Cravings (e.g. for Food, Chocolate, Alcohol, Cigarettes): Average reduction -83%1
- Cortisol: Average reduction -24%6
NOTE: Wikipedia is NOT a reliable source of information when it comes to EFT, inpite of the above. For some reason, they are refusing to take in new scientific data on Tapping procedures. You have to go to the source studies to get reliable information. I give some links further down on this page.
Research on EFT and weight loss (article here):
Associate Prof Stapleton said she had just wrapped up the latest phase of her research, which found EFT was superior in lessening food cravings. “The latest research showed that EFT led to longer-term benefits with those involved in the study able to decrease their food cravings and anxiety symptoms over a 12-month period,” she said. “Those who undertook CBT on the other hand did not manage to maintain the decrease in cravings at their six and 12-month follow up. “This is a significant finding, considering CBT is the standard treatment for overweight adults.” The study showed that EFT was superior in the long term in areas of food cravings, power over food, restraint ability and anxiety.
- www.EFTUniverse.com An gigantic databank with use cases, stories and manuals. Their newsletter is highly recommended!
- EFT scientific research is found here: http://www.eftuniverse.com/research-studies/research
- Latest stress related study is summarized in this article: Breakthroughs in Energy Psychology: A New Way to Heal the Body and Mind:
- Dr. Church demonstrates in this study a 24 percent decrease in cortisol levels after only one hour of EFT.
- In his study findings, Church asserts that EFT, which he refers to as “acupoint treatments” produces “a neutral emotional state.”
- Dr. Feinstein, a clinical psychologist who uses EFT in his own practice, adds that EFT is an “unusually precise, rapid, and direct for shifting the neurological underpinnings of a range of psychological problems.”
- www.emofree.com By Gary Craig, the founder of EFT.
- AAMET provides a good list of EFT research: http://www.aamet.org/research/research-articles
- http://theamt.com/eft_studies.htm A quick list of some EFT relevant research compiled by AMT in UK.
- www.thetappingsolution.com is also another great resource for interested tappers in combination with the above. The EFT Tapping Summit arranged by the Ortners is also a recommended yearly event.
References to statistics above:
- Church, D., & Brooks, A. J. (2010). The effect of a brief EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) self-intervention on anxiety, depression, pain and cravings in healthcare workers. Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal, 6(6), 40-44.
- Church, D., de Asis, M. A., & Brooks, A. J. (2012). Brief group intervention using EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) for depression in college students: A randomized controlled trial. Depression Research and Treatment, 2012, 1-7, doi:10.1155/2012/257172.
- Karatzias, T., Power, K., Brown, K., McGoldrick, T., Begum, M., Young, J. . . . & Adams, S. (2011). A controlled comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of two psychological therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing vs. Emotional Freedom Techniques. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 199, 372-378. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31821cd262.
- Baker, A. H., & Siegel, M. A. (2010). Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) reduces intense fears: A partial replication and extension of Wells et al. Energy Psychology: Theory, Research, & Treatment, 2(2), 13-30. doi: 10.9769.EPJ.2010.2.2.AHB.
- Church, D., Hawk, C., Brooks, A., Toukolehto, O., Wren, M., Dinter, I., & Stein, P. (2013). Psychological trauma in veterans using EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques): A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Feb.
- Church, D., Yount, G., & Brooks, A. J. (2012). The effect of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) on stress biochemistry: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 200(10), 891-896. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31826b9fc1.
- Clond, M., (2016). Emotional Freedom Techniques for Anxiety: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(5), 388-95. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000483.
- Nelms, J. & Castel, D. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized trials of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) for the treatment of depression. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing (in press).
- Sebastian, B., & Nelms, J. (2016). The effectiveness of Emotional Freedom Techniques in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analysis. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing (in press).
- www.EFTSweden.se Detta är mina lärares hemsida. EFT vetenskaplig studie för jämförelse EFT och KBT finner du också här.
- GO EFT Tapping – Knacka hemma. Våra korta instruktioner för hemmaknackande.
- EFT-knackpunktschema: http://eft.lifecoaching4u.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/EFT-punkter_sv.png
- Smärta kan upplevas vara: http://eft.lifecoaching4u.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Smärta-kan-upplevas-vara.docx
- EFT Handboken: Den klassiska EFT manualen av Gary Craig översatt till svenska. Notera, detta är den äldre versionen. Den fungerar helt visst och mam ska tillägga att manualen har laddats ned i över 2 miljoner ex och översatts till 13 språk. Dagens EFT metod är enklare och snabbare i sitt utförande.